Sunday, January 12, 2020
?In modern day America, gambling is seen everywhere. Whether it is gambling on a sporting event, a horse race, a game of cards, or any other event, it is seen as a common practice among many American citizens. The most popular place for one to gamble is a casino. There are many casinos throughout the country, and despite the many critics of such venues, these casinos are here to stay for quite some time to come. Starting in 1931, Nevada took control of the casino gambling market and held a monopoly within this industry. It was the first state to have legalized commercial casino gambling, and it was the only state to have such legislation until 1976 (Morse, Goss 13-14). During the 1950Ã¢â¬â¢s, Las Vegas started to develop rapidly, opening many casinos within the city. Throughout the 1960Ã¢â¬â¢s most of these top-end casinos were purchased by Howard Hughes, which led to an ending of organized crime in the Las Vegas area. Corporations then began building and purchasing casino properties. The profitability of such properties made entering the casino industry quite attractive. This was the beginning of the transition of casinos from a simple form of gaming to a legitimate business (History of US Gambling). In 1976, commercial casino gaming was legalized in New Jersey, and Atlantic City began to thrive in ways similar to Las Vegas. This was the outcome that was hoped for, because it was done in an effort to revitalize Atlantic City. Casinos started to be built in Atlantic City, and a popular location for these casinos was the city boardwalk, along with in the marina district (Morse, Goss 14). More than a decade later, several states began to legalize commercial casino gambling. There are currently fifty-seven counties in the United States that allow commercial casino gambling. In states other than Nevada, a good majority of commercial casino gaming takes place adjacent to a river or some form of a body of water that creates a geographic border dividing states. This promotes the idea of riverboat gambling, along with the competition between each state and their neighbors for their gambling supporters (Morse, Goss 14-15). Soon after the rapid expansion of legal gambling locations throughout the country, tribal casino gambling became an important part of todayÃ¢â¬â¢s casino industry. Tribal casino gambling is a practice that came to place after the 1987 Supreme Court decision in California v. Cabazon Band of Mission Indians. This case determined that the state of California did not have the proper authority to use its regulatory statutes for the gambling activities that took place on Indian reservations. The only institution that had complete authority over the issue was the federal government; therefore congressional authorization was necessary for state power to enact regulations. In 1988, Congress responded by passing and enacting the Indian Gaming Regulatory Act (IGRA). This was done for the purpose of balancing both the interests of the states and those tribes that resided within them (Morse, Goss 18-19). There were many policy goals that the IGRA aimed to accomplish. The first was to promote economic development and self-sufficiency amongst tribes. The second goal was to create a regulatory base that protected Indian gaming from organized crime, to make sure that the only beneficiary of the gaming operations is the tribe itself, and to ensure that the gaming operations are both fair and honest. The final goal was to establish an organization that would assist in these purposes, thus the creation of the National Indian Gaming Commission. Basically, the IGRA allowed tribes the right to build and run gaming facilities, or casinos, on their reservations to the same extent as the gaming allowed by state law (Morse, Goss 19). Tribal gaming has proven to be quite beneficial for Indian tribes in the United States. The tribes that have benefited the most are those that have exclusive rights to owning and operating casinos within their state. That means that specific states have an agreement with the tribes in their state that there will not be any commercial casinos within the state, just tribal casinos on tribal territory. This creates endless opportunities for tribal members, allowing them to generate large revenues and provide jobs for many members of their tribe (Morse, Goss 20-21). More recently, a new type of casino has emerged quickly into the gambling business, that being racetrack casinos, or racinos. These casinos are essentially a horse-racing track, along with many other casino features, such as slot machines, video gambling terminals, card tables, etc. This brings in a diverse crowd of people, for a lot of people only like to gamble on live racing events. It also helps states contain gaming expansion to their current racing grounds, and the economic benefits have quite a positive effect for the state (Morse, Goss 22). Each type of casino benefits the state in different ways. By a slight margin, there are more commercial casinos in the United States than tribal casinos, but tribal casinos are being built more rapidly (192 built between 2004-2007, as opposed to 175 commercial casinos built), so it is expected they will pass up commercial casinos in the near future. States benefit most from commercial casinos, receiving on average 16. 4% of revenues, as opposed to just 6. 1% of revenue from the tribal casinos (Morse, Goss 23). One factor that has led to major success for casinos in the United States is the great amount of promotion and advertising. The average casino spends 2. 5% of all revenues on promotion and advertising, which is a heavy amount compared to many other business industries. Throughout the years of the existence of legalized gambling, casinos have been figuring out the secret to generating the highest possible revenue, and that is through promotion. Promotions for casinos originally started out pretty basic, offering a patron a free bet if they come to the casino, or a free drink or meal. With the addition of hotels to many casinos, casinos began offering free night stays to customers, and sometimes even free transportation both to and from the casino for the time of their stay. Since then, there has been such an intense competition between casinos to attract gamblers to their establishment, so more and more promotions started to come into place and be offered by casinos around the country (Morse, Goss 27-28). Some casinos found their best strategy was to pay their patrons to play. This came in either the form of simply handing the patron money upon walking in the door (usually between 5-$20, but sometimes upwards of $100), or paying the person for the amount of time they spent in the casino. This is done by activating a Ã¢â¬Å"player cardÃ¢â¬ , and every time that player sits down to play a game, they scan their card at that station and the system keeps track of how much time the player has spent gambling. Their account is then credited with however much money they earned during their time spent at the casino (Ogwyn). Competition between casinos continued to grow every year, and still does to this day. Promotions have become a necessity in order for a casino to succeed, and many amenities have become expected by patrons upon entering a casino. For one, soft drinks are expected to be complimentary at every casino. Many casinos have waiters and waitresses walking around taking orders, so there is a convenience of receiving a soft drink without needing to get up from your chair. It is seen as courteous to tip the servers, and is also seen as good karma for the gambling that is done after. The most intense promotion competitions take place in the major casino markets. HarrahÃ¢â¬â¢s is a major casino corporation, and it is one of the highest spenders when it comes to promotions. In 2005, it initiated possibly the biggest promotion in casino history, and that was the $1,000,000 Treasure Hunt. To partake in the hunt, customers had to go to one of the many HarrahÃ¢â¬â¢s Casino locations in the country, and depending how much time the customer spent at the casino, they earned an entry (or multiple entries, depending on the frequency of visits) into the contest. These entries represented an opportunity to partake in the actual treasure hunt, which took place in Las Vegas on November 10, 2005. A treasure chest containing $1,000,000 was placed in a remote desert location, and whoever found it first kept it all. This created an uproar of hype for HarrahÃ¢â¬â¢s Casinos, and has helped increase revenues in the following years since as well. Many other casinos learned from that, and started similar promotions to help boost their own revenues. This is a good example of how casinos have been learning from each other throughout time, and adjusting quickly to whatever is necessary for maximum business. The bottom line when it comes to casino promotions: do whatever it takes to get customers through the door; revenues will generate from there (Morse, Goss 28). Many studies have been done to find the effect of legalized casino gambling in an area on the residents who reside in that area. A study done by Morse and Goss in 2005 had surprising results, finding that counties that legalized casino gambling experienced lower personal bankruptcy rates in the first several years of having a casino operating in the county. After those years, however, it was found that the personal bankruptcy rates began to rise, eventually becoming higher than the rates from before the legalization of casino gambling (Morse, Goss 53). Casinos have been growing and expanding ever since their first existence. It is a unique industry in that, unlike many other large industries, it is not that crucial to focus on cutting costs, while instead it is best to just focus on generating revenues. As said before, this industry has a history of experiencing great success, and it is only getting greater and greater each year. Looking at some statistics from 1998-2003 is a good way to show an example of this growth; the average number of employees for stand-alone casinos in the United States went from 201 in 1998 to 265 in 2003, and in casino hotels it grew from 988 to 1,208 employees. Average pay for these employees grew as well. In 1998, stand-alone casino employees earned on average $21,700 a year, while in 2003 they earned $25,100 a year. It was a similar jump in salary for casino hotel employees, going from earning on average $23,700 a year to $26,100 a year (Morse, Goss 55). Today, the United States has an incredibly large market for casino gambling. There was an estimated 147 billion U. S. dollars in global revenue from casino gaming, and 60 billion of those dollars was from United States gambling. In the twenty states with legalized commercial gambling, there are about 450 commercial casinos in the United States (CASINO GAMBLING HISTORY). Gambling has been around since the beginning of United States history, and the creation and expansion of gambling centers that we call casinos has led to many opportunities for both growth and decline for citizens in this country. Whether viewed as positive or negative, casinos are here to stay for some time.
Saturday, January 4, 2020
Natural Gas Natural gas is a non-renewable resource, meaning that it will not last forever. If the production of natural gas continues at the same rate, it will only last for approximately another 91 years. Natural gas is a power source used to power particular things in homes, for example heaters, hot water and stoves. The way this particular power source is produced/sourced is that at the bottom of the ocean, deceased animals and plants etc. otherwise called organic matter are found and can be broken down into the formation of natural gas through a series of wells and pipes, and delivered to homes and businesses and other places where natural gas is used through the pipes. Scientists are trying to find other resources for gas because they are aware that the current one wonÃ¢â¬â¢t last and that they are harming the environment and habitats of creatures in the sea through this procedure. This procedure is called Hydraulic Fracturing, otherwise known as Ã¢â¬ËfrackingÃ¢â¬â¢. Part of the frac king procedure is that a high water pressure is sent through tubes and pipes under water being forced onto different rocks. This water, however, contains several harmful chemicals that damage the organisms and animals and their habitats under water. Once the rock is cracked/ fractured, the oil and gas is carried back up the pipes. The air is also polluted in this procedure as the findings of the fracking process are relocated into either evaporators or into condensation tanks releasing dangerousShow MoreRelatedCanada s Energy Policy Should Be Beneficial1109 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesCanada is one of the biggest energy producer in the world. Currently Canada is ranked 5th in regards to its production of energy in the world. CanadaÃ¢â¬â¢s energy policy, should revolve around the natural resources and their optimum use to produce cheap and clean energy, which should be environmental friendly. Our policy should be beneficial for all the Canadians living in different parts of the country a nd that the policy should not discriminate among the provinces. Canada is also the biggest consumerRead MoreDepletion of Non Renewable Resources of Energy1422 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesIntroduction AÃ non-renewable resourceÃ is aÃ natural resourceÃ which cannot be produced, grown, generated, or used on a scale which canÃ sustainÃ its consumption rate, once depleted there is no more available for future needs. Also considered non-renewable are resources that are consumed much faster than nature can create them.Ã Fossil fuelsÃ (such asÃ coal,Ã petroleum, andÃ natural gas), types of nuclear power (uranium) and certainÃ aquifersÃ are examples. Natural resources such asÃ coal,Ã petroleum,Ã oilÃ andÃ natural gasÃ takeRead MoreRenewable Energy Sources For Fossil Fuels1240 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesWe live in a world where we have to rely on resources such as fossil fuels in order to provide us energy. Almost everything we use nowadays consumes power in some form, and in tandem we rely on energy. Fossil fuels have become the go to resource for providing power. Fossil fuels include natural resources such as coal, petroleum, and natural gas. These fossil fuels fall under the non-renewable category because they take thousands of years in order to form naturally and cannot be replaced as fast asRead MoreCanada s Energy Policy Should Be Beneficial1173 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesCanada is one of the biggest energy producers in the world. Currently Canada is ranked fifth in regards to the production of energy. Canada s energy policy should revolve around the natural resources and their optimum use to create cheap and clean energy, which should be environmentally friendly. Our policy should be beneficial for all the Canadians living in different parts of the country and that the policy should not discriminate among the provinces. Canada is also the biggest consumer of theRead MoreYou Can Choose Your Friends but Not Your Family Essay1637 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesAÃ renewable resourceÃ is aÃ natural resourceÃ with the ability to reproduce through biological or natural processes and replenished with the passage of time. Renewable resources are part of ourÃ natural environmentÃ and form ourÃ eco-system. In 1962, within a report to the committee on natural resources which was forwarded to the President of the United States, Paul Weiss defined Renewable Resources as: The total range of living organisms providing man with food, fibers, drugs, etc.... Renewable resourcesRead MoreSample Resume : Renewable A ,ÃâÃ ©1682 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesÃ¢â¬Å"RENEWABLE AÃ¢â¬Å½NÃ¢â¬Å½D NÃ¢â¬Å½OÃ¢â¬Å½N-RENEWABLE RESOÃ¢â¬Å½URCÃ¢â¬Å½EÃ¢â¬Å½SÃ¢â¬ DÃ¢â¬Å½IÃ¢â¬Å½GITAÃ¢â¬Å½L AÃ¢â¬Å½SÃ¢â¬Å½SIGNMENT -1 SÃ¢â¬Å½ubÃ¢â¬Å½mittÃ¢â¬Å½ed fÃ¢â¬Å½or tÃ¢â¬Å½he coÃ¢â¬Å½uÃ¢â¬Å½rsÃ¢â¬Å½e: EnÃ¢â¬Å½ginÃ¢â¬Å½eeriÃ¢â¬Å½ng ChÃ¢â¬Å½eÃ¢â¬Å½miÃ¢â¬Å½stry (CÃ¢â¬Å½HÃ¢â¬Å½Y1002) BÃ¢â¬Å½y SriÃ¢â¬Å½kÃ¢â¬Å½aÃ¢â¬Å½r KÃ¢â¬Å½aÃ¢â¬Å½livarapu 1Ã¢â¬Å½6BÃ¢â¬Å½IT0078 VÃ¢â¬Å½IT UNIVERSITÃ¢â¬Å½Y, VelÃ¢â¬Å½lore NÃ¢â¬Å½aÃ¢â¬Å½me of facuÃ¢â¬Å½lÃ¢â¬Å½tÃ¢â¬Å½y: MÃ¢â¬Å½rÃ¢â¬Å½s BAÃ¢â¬Å½RNÃ¢â¬Å½AÃ¢â¬Å½LI MAÃ¢â¬Å½IÃ¢â¬Å½TÃ¢â¬Å½I (SÃ¢â¬Å½CÃ¢â¬Å½HÃ¢â¬Å½OOL OÃ¢â¬Å½F AÃ¢â¬Å½DVANCÃ¢â¬Å½EÃ¢â¬Å½D SÃ¢â¬Å½CIÃ¢â¬Å½ENCEÃ¢â¬Å½S) AÃ¢â¬Å½ugÃ¢â¬Å½ust, 2016 1) WhÃ¢â¬Å½at iÃ¢â¬Å½s Energy? 2) TÃ¢â¬Å½yÃ¢â¬Å½peÃ¢â¬Å½s of Energy Sources i) Non-Renewable Sources of Energy ii) Renewable Sources of Energy 3) Non-Renewable Sources of Energy i) CrÃ¢â¬Å½uÃ¢â¬Å½dÃ¢â¬Å½e oÃ¢â¬Å½iÃ¢â¬Å½lRead MoreHuman Activity and Energy Sources968 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesEarthÃ¢â¬â¢s resources, for instance water, productive farming land and energy, outlines the basic foundations of our continued existence on earth. However, with the continued human activities, for example logging and charcoal burning, these resources are quickly being depleted. Human inhabitation and increased consumption of the natural resources is resulting in untold destruction. The climate change being experienced globally, the rapidly depleting freshwater catchments, the dwindling forest cover,Read MoreEssay Impacts Of An Energy Plan945 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagescurrent energy situation is in bad shape. We have nearly depleted the planets resources of fossil fuels that are non-renewable. Energy4Me.org defines nonrenewable resources as are energy sources like petroleum, propane, natural gas, coal and nuclear power. These resources have taken millions of years to produ ce and cannot rejuvenate in shorter lengths of time. What I mean is there needs to be another form of renewable energy that is sustainable for your generation and your childrens and grand-childrensRead MoreTypes Of Energy Resources Used All Over The World872 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThere are many types of energy resources used all over the world. These can be classified as either renewable or non-renewable energy sources. Renewable sources are those that are found readily but do not face the possibility of depletion. These include solar, wind and hydroelectric energy sources. Non-renewable energy sources are found in the environment but can be depleted by overuse and these include natural gas, coal, and oil. Among the renewable energy sources, solar energy is the most commonlyRead MoreNon-Renewable Energy Resources1458 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesNon-Renewable Energy Resources This Project will be in two Parts. The first part is about Non-renewable energy. Non-renewable energy is a resource that will some day we will run out of. Non-renewable energy is a resource that will some day we will run out of. The second part is on Renewable energy. Renewable energy is a resource that we will never run out of because it is continually being replaced. The sun is the source of all our energy resources. The suns energy reaches Earth and
Friday, December 27, 2019
Abstract In this articled will attempt to explain the historical oppression of the Nigerian woman in her home country and how each little Nigerian girl is brought up to submit to the men in her life for her entire life span ,living in the background without a voice but many duties. It will explain how this woman moves to America and finds new freedoms and is presented with the option of assimilating into the new culture or maintain her countryÃ¢â¬â¢s ways. The identity formation, issues and challenges are subjected to the theories of personality and social change. As the Nigerian woman finds herself in America and trying to understand her new surrounding and to adjust to the new freedoms that she encounters, she must also make theÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Too her surprise the man completed the task and even served his wife a drink without a word. Many of the women told of relationship differences, the Nigerian woman was use to living in a society where the men had all the power an d the women obeyed or they would get beat or cast out (Mberu, B., 2007). The Nigerian woman is closely related to some of the other women interviewed in comparison to the male and female relationship. The American stood alone when it came to this comparison. The Nigerian woman is raised to give all her respect to men, even if that man is her son. She is expected to speak in a humble tone, with her eyes lowered and to give her total devotion to the men in her life, which to the American women it appears to be a situation of servitude (Uyanga, R., E., 2009). The Nigerian woman is taught things that she must do in order be a good wife and a good daughter of Nigeria. These women are subject to cuttings and rituals that have been deemed dangerous but is still performed in the country. It is taught by mothers to daughters and continues although with greater education it has become less common in the urban areas (Freymeyer, R., Johnson, B. 2007). These ideals of what makes the wom en fit for marriage and acceptable in the Nigerian is a continuous factor in the opinions and stereotyping of American toward them. Cultural Retention The Nigerian woman is put in the position of fitting into the culture at large and maintaining her ownShow MoreRelatedWomen Across Cultures Face Similar Forms Of Oppression1052 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesWomen across cultures face similar forms of oppression in varying ways. The stories of Maxine Hong Kingston, Nicholas D. Kristof, Sheryl WuDunn, Banana Yoshimoto, and Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie bring awareness to these heartbreaking yet inspiring narratives of the lives of women outside of North America. While some of the works are fictional, there is still an air of realism that accentuates the general ideas conveyed in the individual narratives. Themes such as tradition, assimilation, racism, classismRead MoreAmerican Dream in a Raisin in the Sun4319 Words Ã |Ã 18 Pagesof other people, they would try to compel them to behave in a certain way. The white society always try then to determine the kind of life Black people are supposed to lead. This can be seen through t he novel Invisible Man where the protagonist struggles hard to break from the mold crafted and held together by white society throughout the novel. The stereotypes and expectations of a racist society compel blacks to behave only in certains ways, never allowing them to act according to their own willRead MoreA Permanent Or Semi Permanent Change Of Residence3784 Words Ã |Ã 16 Pagesneeds. Lee (1966) has defined migration as Ã¢â¬Ëa permanent or semi-permanent change of residenceÃ¢â¬â¢ (49). The spatial mobility is dictated by factors such as the area of origin, destination, obstacles, and personal interests. A global city is marked by cultural, racial, and ethnic diversity due to immigration and settlement. Capitalism invoked the concept of dominance, power, and racial prejudice within a capitalist society. The idea of the class system was reinforced, whereby the capitalist class has controlRead MoreCase Study on Diversity Management3686 Words Ã |Ã 15 Pagesin Germany which is active in change and diversity management, leadership and strategy development, internationalisation, large group facilitation and team and executive coaching.Her clients include some South African companies. Together with her Nigerian colleague, Ben Arikpo of Akada Consult, she trained about 100 management consultants all over Africa. She may be contacted at marion.keil @synetz.de. data point to wider diversity than ever before. In Europe, for example, age is becoming a pointRead MoreOne Significant Change That Has Occurred in the World Between 1900 and 2005. Explain the Impact This Change Has Made on Our Lives and Why It Is an Important Change.163893 Words Ã |Ã 656 PagesTiffany Ruby Patterson, Zora Neale Hurston and a History of Southern Life Lisa M. Fine, The Story of Reo Joe: Work, Kin, and Community in Autotown, U.S.A. Van Gosse and Richard Moser, eds., The World the Sixties Made: Politics and Culture in Recent America Joanne Meyerowitz, ed., History and September 11th John McMillian and Paul Buhle, eds., The New Left Revisited David M. Scobey, Empire City: The Making and Meaning of the New York City Landscape Gerda Lerner, Fireweed: A Political Autobiography Read MoreRastafarian79520 Words Ã |Ã 319 PagesRastafari movement. 2. JamaicaÃ¢â¬âReligious life and customs. I. Title. BL2532.R37 E36 2002 299Ã¢â¬ ².676Ã¢â¬âdc21 2002074897 v To Donnaree, my wife, and Donnisa, my daughter, the two persons around whom my life revolves; and to the ancestors whose struggles have enabled us to survive and thrive This page intentionally left blank Foreword One of the most useful things about Ennis Edmondss Rastafari: From Outcasts to Culture Bearers is that it correctly traces the connection between the emergenceRead MoreOrganisational Theory230255 Words Ã |Ã 922 Pagesnew-wave management Control in organizations Unpredictable behaviour Informal control: organizational misbehaviour? Complexity and the problem of implementation Three types of formal control Bureaucratic control Output control Cultural control The new wave in action: managing cultural change A theoretical explanation of a possible shift in control: A new historical configuration? An alternative theoretical explanation: movements in managerial discourse? The theoretical origins of new-wave theory Conclusions Read MoreIgbo Dictionary129408 Words Ã |Ã 518 Pagesantiquated expressions. For the present I have left in example sentences referring to long-disappeared stores, such as Kingsway but these will eventually need to be replaced. It was originally prepared in Ibadan and some of the examples reflect this. Cultural and monetary references may well induce nostalgia in those familiar with the more recent history of Nigeria1. Web publication is therefore an intermediate step, while efforts are underway to produce an acceptable version for a press. Roger Blench
Wednesday, December 18, 2019
The stonewall riot was the most revolutionary movement in LGBT+ history.Life before the stonewall riot.Plus, the stonewall movement in action and how it played off and ended.The ripple no from the stonewall riot.Also, did you know that the stonewall riot was the first more important rebel for LGBT+ rights. Before the stonewall riot, homosexuals were completely miserable because of police and homophobes.According to Dissent Magazine Ã¢â¬Å"both the New York Times and the Washington Post ran pieces that assumed the genesis of the gay freedom campaign can be traced to a single dramatic event with a singularly memorable name: Stonewall.Ã¢â¬ The only reason that people have LGBT+ rights today is because of the stonewall riot.Rights info Ã¢â¬Å" WeÃ¢â¬â¢ve come aÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Britannica Ã¢â¬Å"The riots outside the Stonewall Inn waxed and waned for the next five days. Many historians characterized the uprising as a spontaneous protest against the perpetual police harassment and social discrimination suffered by a variety of sexual minorities in the 1960s. Although there had been other protests by gay groups, the Stonewall incident was perhaps the first time lesbians, gays, and transgender people saw the value in uniting behind a common cause.Ã¢â¬Å"The LGBT+ people won w ith their heads held high.Socialist alternative Ã¢â¬Å"At first, everything unfolded according to a time-honored ritual. Seven plain clothes detectives and a uniformed officer entered and announced their presence. The bar staff stopped serving the watered-down, overpriced drinks, while their Mafia bosses swiftly removed the cigar boxes which functioned as tills. The officers demanded identification papers from the customers and then escorted them outside, throwing some into a waiting paddy-wagon and pushing others off the sidewalk.Ã¢â¬ It was ok till the homos got mad and fought back. What is the effect today because the stonewall riot.Daily beast Ã¢â¬Å"Gallup polling show that 4 percent of Americans are LGBT. But with more millennials self-identifying as LGBT, that number could one day reach the oft-cited Ã¢â¬Ë1 in 10.Ã¢â¬â¢ Ã¢â¬ There is a large amount of people that are homosexuals that wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t be so accepted for it.The williams institute Ã¢â¬Å"An estimated 3.5% of adults in the United States identify asShow MoreRelatedHistorical Impact of The Stonewall Riots in Stonewall Essay1041 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pageslook into the historical impact of the Stonewall Riots in Stonewall: The Riots that Sparked the Gay Revolution. This engaging book adds to the genre of sexual orientation discrimination. Carter extensively analyzes the various factors that played a role in igniting the Stonewall riots and the historical impact that the riots had on the Gay Revolution and movement for gay equality. Through the use of interviews, newspapers, and maps, Carter argue s that the riots were a product of many geographical,Read MoreThe Stonewall Riots Essay examples1957 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesoneÃ¢â¬â¢s homosexuality could lead to the loss of their family, their livelihood and, in some cases, their lives. Geanne Harwood, interviewed on an National Public Radio Broadcast commemorating the twentieth anniversary of the Stonewall Riots, said that Ã¢â¬Å"being gay before Stonewall was a very difficult proposition Ã¢â¬ ¦ we felt that in order to survive we had to try to look and act as rugged and as manly as possibly to get by in a society that was really very much against us.Ã¢â¬ The age of communist threatsRead MoreThe Stonewall Riots of 1969 Jumpstarted the Gay Movement Essay1043 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesnever have been conceptualized in the United States. This unforgettable incident, the Stonewall riots of 1969, altered the publicÃ¢â¬â¢s view of the gay community and arguably jumpstarted the next revolution in an entirely new civil rights movem ent. In the wee hours of June 28th, 1969, members of the gay community were forced to enter a string of intense protests when the New York City Police began to raid the Stonewall Inn, a popular hangout spot for drag queens and members of the LGBT community, in GreenwichRead MoreEssay on The Stonewall Riots1229 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesabout prejudice against homosexuals in both riots and artistic forms. Therefore, these people seek to prove to the heterosexual world that homosexual Ã¢â¬ËdeviancyÃ¢â¬â¢ was a myth. The media considers the1969 Stonewall Riots in New York City the spark of the modern gay rights movement. This occurred after the police raided the Stonewall bar, a popular gay bar in ManhattanÃ¢â¬â¢s Greenwich Village. Allyn argues that the new energy and militancy generated by the riot played a crucial role in creating the gay liberationRead MoreStonewall Riots Essay2631 Words Ã |Ã 11 PagesStonewall Riots Liberation for gay people is to define ourselves how and with whom we live, instead of measuring our relationships by straight valuesÃâ¦ To be free territory, we must govern ourselves, set up our own institutions, defend ourselves, and use our own energies to improve our lives (Wittman, 75). Carl Wittmans Refugees from Amerika: A Gay Manifesto, drew together many of the themes dealing with gay liberation. This quote demonstrates the goals of the gay and lesbian movement, a movementRead MoreStonewall Riots Essay1549 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe Stonewall riots were a series of violent, spontaneous demonstrations by members of the LGBT community against a police raid that took place in the early morning hours of June 28, 1969, at the Stonewall Inn. Riots, violence and discrimination are not things that the LGBT community are unfamiliar with. Their history has been painted with opposition and resiliency. As time has progressed, so has the community and their fight for equality. The comm unity is a medley of very different people from aRead MoreLgbt History And The Modern Era1737 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages There are many topics prevalent shown throughout history. History books in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s society highlight the majority of groups of people and historical events. This essay will prove that there is a problematic issue where LGBT lives and existences are being erased throughout history and the modern era. Throughout, it will be explained how these groups of people are being underrepresented within history, major wars, and the modern era. History covers a very broad spectrum of time, with recorded historyRead MoreA Radical Analysis And Argument On The Issue Of Lgbtq Rights Movement1733 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesWithin this essay, the main focus will be to improve a radical analysis and argument in relation to the topic of LGBTQ rights movements. Injustice has developed during the centuries to be a main problem around the world, especially in the United States. There are many different issues that injustice addresses. In order to form this, this essay will discuss the history of LGBTQ rights movements since early 1920s. In reference to the position supporting LGBTQ rights movements, the discussion will concentrateRead MoreThe Impact Of Social On Gender And Sexuality Essay2027 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesThe present essay aims to analyse and discuss how social actions related to gender and sexuality have given rise to social change. Particular attention will be given to how views and opinions on gender and sexuality have positive ly evolved throughout the years as a result of decades of social activism led by the members and allies of the LGBT community. In order to do so, the current paper will firstly provide a concise account of how gender and sexuality were seen in the former times, which willRead MoreThe Role Of Sex And Gender As A Cultural Norm1507 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pageslegality and politicization, these topics vary from one culture to the next and one era to the next. One of the strongest examples of a culture carrying very different ideas of sex and gender is an early Northern European Culture. Carol Clover, in her essay Ã¢â¬Å"Regardless of Sex: Men, Women, and Power in Early Northern Europe,Ã¢â¬ identifies a Ã¢â¬Å"one-sex, one-gender model Ã¢â¬ ¦ that plays out in the rawest and most extreme terms a scheme of sexual difference that at the level of the body knows only the male and
Tuesday, December 10, 2019
Using inclusive learning and teaching approaches in lifelong learning Prior to the micro-teach I chose the topic of music, drum, and rhythm workshop because its practical, fun, universally accessible, the vast majority of people like music, it can be applicatory to absolute beginners all the way to advanced musicians and it advocates group work and student centred learning. Other options that I considered included a group piano lesson, drum kit lesson or DJ lesson. I eliminated these options because of the imitations on group work and learners having to observe and wait until they could have a go on the equipment. The rhythm workshop allows everyone to work and learn together with no waiting time. After outlining the learning outcomes the lesson starts with a Find someone who ice breaker. This allows me to assess the learners, its a group work exercise to employ inclusive learning from the start and it creates a sociable, personable and safe learning environment for the session whilst incorporating functional skills. We will write a custom essay sample on Micro teach or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page In this ection I will use eye contact, I will call the learners by name and I will use a personable teaching style to include all the learners. We move onto some easy rhythm warm ups to boost self-esteem, help learners feel comfortable and build on group interaction. I can assess learners practical skills through observation whilst making learners feel comfortable with their mistakes and reinforce that everyones contribution is valuable whilst giving context to the theory that is introduced in the next section using a kinaesthetic and aural learning approaches. When explaining he theory Im going to use words and syllables to help understand rhythms and notation. This technique incorporates visual, aural, kinaesthetic, reading and writing learning styles, making an unaccustomed concept of notated music familiar and accessible to everyone. I will assess learning by getting individuals to perform and write their rhythms down. To conclude the lesson we will do a performance to put the new knowledge into practice and assess learning. I will evaluate the lesson throughout by observation, asking for verbal feedback at the end and comparing the erformance with the learning outcome that were outlined at the beginning of the session. I will use praise and encouragement throughout to acknowledge all learners contribution as valuable, use demonstration as a teaching method and keep the lesson fast paced and high energy to keep learners engaged. Post micro-teach The topic proved to be effective. Learners were engaged throughout the lesson, they were smiling and enjoying learning. They worked well in group and independent tasks and responded well to student centred teaching achieving good results. There was a mixture of complete beginners to intermediate musicians. The weakest learner could accomplish the learning outcomes and the strongest learner was sui tab ly challenged. Learners responded well to personable, friendly teaching style, reciprocating smiles and enjoying the lesson with enthusiasm. Praise was acknowledged and there was a safe and comfortable atmosphere in the room. Learners didnt react to their mistakes with shame and embarrassment but could laugh about them and then they enthusiastically try again. All learners were happy to participate in all the tasks and achieved good results. Writing the learning outcomes on the flip chart was effective as I could evaluate the performance against the objectives with the students. All the outcomes had been achieved giving the learners a sense of achievement and they could recognize that learning had happened. When notating rhythms the visual aid on the flip chart was effective, with beginners succeeding in ambitious tasks. The Find someone who worksheet facilitated effective group work, initial assessment and broke the ice with ood learner interaction. I could effectively assess learning throughout by observation and monitoring which allowed me to adapt tasks to include learners for example simplifying rhythms for weaker learners or getting a learner to write down their work instead of perform it. The lesson was a bit rushed and could have been improved with less content. This would have allowed me to take my time over some of the more complex explanations and would have complimented the relaxed, informal teaching methods I was using.
Tuesday, December 3, 2019
Marketing analysis of Dior Paper 1.0 Introduction The benchmark of human appeal always increases for both man and woman. From the era of shabby clothes to noble fashion, from de-emphases to emphasis skin care and toilette. Those of the changes label human civilization. Nowadays, the standard of toilette and fashion are very demanding. It is difficult for substantial fashion enterprises to maintain its market. However, Dior can achieve it. What is the market position of Dior? How Dior makes the business and keeps its stable. 2.0 Background Christian Dior was born in Normandy, France in 1905, and channeled his love for art by opening an art gallery. We will write a custom essay sample on Marketing analysis of Dior specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Marketing analysis of Dior specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Marketing analysis of Dior specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer In 1938, he entered the fashion world as a designer for Robert Piquet. After serving in World War II, Dior returned to Paris and had a very successful collaboration with Pierre Balmain at Lucien Lelong. With the help of Marcel Boussac, Dior was able to open his own fashion house in 1946. His opulent designs made him successful in the post-war era, and his brand quickly expanded into furs, perfumes and accessories. In 1957, Dior suddenly died and Yves Saint Laurent became the head designer. Since Saint Laurent, other well-known designers at this fashion house include Marc Bohan, Gianfranco and. John Galliano. 3.0 Marketing Environment 3.1 Marco Environment * Political Factor Dior is a French brand, which is very elegant. French possess one complete legal and tax system. Actually, French government carries out free market policy, so it provides a free and substantial development space for Dior. Moreover, French has a trading agreement with EU that helps Dior successfully sell products and promotion to other Europe countries. Cite as (Louis E. Boone David L. Kurtz 2006) * Economic Factor In French economy, it cant fully prosperous. For example, GDP is not growing significantly and there is remarkable unemployment rate. It will seriously affect Dior policy implementation. For instance when employment level is down, Dior cant employ enough staff for developing. On the other hand, after American second grade mortgage problem, it leads Europe Central Bank to fix interest rate. It definitely helps Dior to reduce loan interest burden, then, exchange rate between EU and US have difference. It also helps Dior invest efficiently and effectively. Cite as (Louis E. Boone David L. Kurtz 2006) * Social Factor In view of social factor, Dior face keen challenges. Nowadays, there is unbalance distribution of wealth in the world. It affects Dior to expand its market, as consumer cant afford price. Income recourse just comes from some people. It makes Dior development style narrow. Luckily, Dior can take advantage of society since Education level increases. That makes living condition and lifestyle is noble. It generates a lot of tasteful buyers for buying Diors products. * Technological Factor Nowadays, information technology changes day by day. Dior catches these characteristics, so it establishes official website which can communicate and realize the customers need. 3.2 Micro Environment * Competitive In the global market, Dior face many competitions. Locally, there are L.V, agnes b etc. In Europe, there are Burberry Gucci etc. They are also substantial fashion enterprises producing similar product, which can replace of Dior. 3.3 Internal Environment * Function Department Dior is successful tin the market. It not only possesses excellent design, it also relies on top management team who decide the direction of company. Moreover, Dior is cosmopolitan brand. There are many adherents, investors and bank supporting Dior financial and development. It brings comparative advantage to Dior which use for generating own manufacturing team in China. Because of own manufacturing team absolutely maintains product quality as well as reduces production cost. In addition, Dior can use this financial advantage dividing market segmentation, as they input more recourse for research and analysis. It makes the market segmentation be more efficient and effective. 4.0 SWOT analysis 4.1 Strength * Strong brand name Dior is a cosmopolitan brand. To consumers point of view, Diors products are elegant noble and tasteful why a majority of consumers have this perspective? It is because Dior creates an unique style of its fashion. Those fashions are in quality since they put more effort and attention to every step. From design to production. Dior doesnt discharge its duties carelessly, but it establishes its brand to be known widely. The strong brand name can help Dior increase market status. Main competitors of Dior * Good Designer and management Dior employs a lot of famous designers, such as John Galliano. He is a creative and initiative designer. John Galliano holds all of the fashion shows, which are dumfounded and praised by audiences. Undoubtedly, designers are important assets of Dior. In addition, Dior also possesses an excellent management team. They create a ambitions direction for Dior. The successful position of Dior depends on those designers and management. Dior Designer: John Galliano Dior Director: Bernard Arnauult * Financial Support Dior is the famous brand, so a majority of investors and bankers trust Dior. They are willing to provide capital for Dior to expand its business since Dior not only is a cosmopolitan brand, but also potential and profitable enterprises. It attracts investor, potential investor and bankers to support Dior financially. 4.2 Weaknesses * Employment Problem Dior is the substantial listed company. It must possess staff in a great quantity. It is not easy to control too much staff effectively. Dior may face some employment problem, such as human recourse mismatch, staff discipline and salaries distribution. Those problems will directly affect Dior competitors. * Unsatisfied with some type of consumer Although Dior products are good. It only serves particular buyers. Dior neglects some markets such as obese buyers and old buyers. According to research, obese guys quickly increases, if Dior gives up this market, it will make loss. 4.3 Opportunity * Takeover Armani Armani is also international brand. The director of Armani decides to retire few years later. Dior can takeover Armani, so that it can create synergy and increase reputation. Dior can press down product and advertisement cost by synergy and develop various styles, since the style of Dior and Armani have divergence. It makes a different product line to maximize profit. Armani Director: Giogio Armani * Cooperation with other company Dior can cooperate with other companies to expand the market, such as crossover with mobile or furniture producer. Some fashion enterprises have tried before. For example PARDA mix up with Korea mobile producer LG to develop a smart phone. It makes PARDA reputation and market shares grow. Dior can select mobile producer, such as NOKIA helping develop one dignitary and functional mobile. It must increase Dior reputation and market shares. PARDA x LG smart phone * Establish new product line for other style The fashion style of Dior only fits some particular targets. The market shares will be narrow, since some of the fashion brands will snatch a part of market shares. Then, Dior should create another style and build specific product line. For example, leisure wearing and formal dressing. In order to ensure market position, Dior must seriously consider. 4.4 Threat * Competitors Although Dior is one of the cosmopolitan brands, there are semiprecious level competitors to challenge Dior current position, such as L.V, Gucci, and Burberry. They also possess reputation and profitability. Those brands products can directly affect Dior turnover sales, so Dior must draw attention with those brands. * Global economic trend In 2006, strong consumption pushed up American economy. It indirectly pushes up global economy. Dior turnover sales obviously increase. However, since March 2007, the risk of American second mortgage has started up until now. The global economy burden a risk consumers purchasing power decrease remarkably. It seriously affects Dior because it is a luxury products producer. In attempt to obviate economic crisis, Dior must adjust the selling strategy and cost control. * Designer stay or resign Designers are the important assets of Fashion Company. It is not easy to find or train potential designer because top designer stay behind another brand, even though there is a contract to restrict them. Dior must put more resources to protect designer team in order to keep the image and remain attraction. 5.0 Market Segmentation It relates to segmentation base and profile. There are three major market segmentation including Demographic, Psychographic and Behavioral. 5.1 Segmentation Base * Demographic Base Sex-Christian Dior is designed for Lady. It includes fashion, accessories, skin care and cosmetics. -Dior Homme is Man product line. Income-Dior is luxury product producer, so the price of product set on high price. Dior expects the consumer to earn ranking form $20,000 to $45,000 per month. Occupation- Dior expects consumer who are profession or management level. It is because this occupation species can earn relatively high salaries, so the price of Dior products can be accepted. Social class-Dior expects consumer to be upper middle or above classes, as Dior run noble direction. It can match Dior image The above variables provide an objective factual and descriptive base for categorizing consumer, so that Dior can find consumer direction. Cite as (David. W. Cravens Nigel. F. Piercy 2003) * Psychographic base Lifestyle-Tasteful consumers are the targets of Dior, since the product design is mainly suitable for this type of consumer. This type of variable provides a subjective, interpretative and explanatory base for categorizing consumer. Although this base cant offer too much variable for Dior, it let Dior know unique style is their main weapon. * Behavioral base Benefit sought- Dior knows customer focusing on product quality and sale service. Loyalty status- The consumers may have medium faith of Dior product. The above variables make Dior know who will use product, so that Dior can mainly focus on this type of consumers. Cite as (Joshua Grossnickle Oliver Raskin 2001) 5.2 Market Targeting * General Criteria The market segments of Dior are tasteful people who are professional, manager or rich people. In fact, the size of this market is quite large. Then, a potential growth is concealed in this market, since the social unceasing evolution. People receive higher level and living standard also inevitable. They need to identify their position. Luxuries are their first choice. There are many competitors existing nearby Dior, such as L.V, Gucci. They have the same market was approached by those competitors of Dior. However, this market structure is complex. They have the same market and those products can be substitutes. For example Dior cosmetic, Gucci cosmetic, However, this market structure has one advantage. It is difficult for other new competitors to enter the field as Dior and other competitors win the fame for long time, financial background is also reliable. * Specific Criteria In fact, Dior customer base isnt sufficient. Although Dior utilizes much resource to constitute the customer base, there are too much competitors to struggle for the same market. It is difficult for Dior to break through the siege. It is not easy to provide meaningful marketing mix strategy that can satisfy with consumers, Nevertheless, Dior can achieve by its strong brand and successful segmentation. Dior segments can be measured in term of monitoring the effect of market mix strategy. * Target Strategy of Dior Dior carries out Differentiated target and Niche, as Dior serves not only one segment. Different segment will have different marketing mix strategy to fit the consumer need. Moreover, Dior also focuses some specialized sub-segment. Special product is produced by Dior to satisfy this small group. 5.3 Market Positioning Dior marketing mix strategy distinguishes consumers point of view. * Product Attributes Dior product is elegant. It is a luxury for people. * Usage Occasion Consumers not always purchase Dior product. It is not necessary for them to buy every day or week. They may purchase Dior product once or twice a year. * Against from competitors Dior market segment is steadily increasing and the competitors sales also dont fluctuate. Dior stays at a safe place. * Product Categories 1. Dior Homme- man fashion 2. Christian Dior- Lady fashion 3. Dior Lady accessories, skin care and cosmetics 2.Christian Dior 3. Dior Lady Wearing Cosmetics Dior marketing mix strategy owns competitive advantage for below areas: * Product Differentiation Although Gucci, L.V are very famous brands, their products are already commonplace which nothing special, Nonetheless, Dior product can bring fresh and unique excitement to consumers. * Image Differentiation C.D is the logo of Dior. It is well-know brand for every one. It is like people see M as they will think of McDonald. 6.0 Analysis of 4ps * Product Dior product divides into few types. As for man causal wear is Dior Homme. For Lady wear is Christian Dior, for cosmetics and skin care is Dior, which has stricted quality control. There is no excuse for Dior to produce flawed product. Dior has strong brand supported by long in time history. A lot of customers hold favorable attitude towards a brands, so Dior product can attract faithful adherent. * Price Dior products are luxuries .the price is also costly. Although the price of Dior product is expensive, it doesnt affect the demand of this luxury. The price setting relates to s few aspects. First, it is a must to consider competitor price such as L.V Gucci. Second, products quality, warranty, image are crucial. Then reputation value, Dior can consider to decrease price, which can probably increase market shares. * Promotion In fact, Dior does not have too much promotion. It just promotes the product through newspapers, website and some specific magazines, since a vast of people already know Dior. If Dior can remain more budgets for promotion. The reputation of Dior must rise. Dior can consider which type of advertising is the most effective for them. It is acceptable to adopt T.V, Huge advertising board. * Place In HK, Dior shops are located in famous shopping mall and popular place such as Habour City. It is not only conformable, but also convenient for consumers. In order to take the advantage of concentration, Dior should establish more shops in famous area. 7.0 Recommendation From my point of view, I suggest Dior keep noble image and put more resources into promotion such as sponsor famous football team, green campaigns, so Dior can establish a health and active image. On the other hand, Dior should search another source of consumers in order to increase market share. Because of luxury clients source are too narrow. It is necessary for Dior finding another segment.
Wednesday, November 27, 2019
processor essay Essay Example processor essay Essay processor essay Essay Every PC has a Central Processing Unit (CPU) this acts as the brain of your system. It connects to the Motherboard and works alongside the other components processing many instructions at the same time between the different hardware and memory systems. Advancements in CPU technology now mean systems typically come with Dual Core, Triple core or Quad Core processors (on one single chip) instead of the traditional one core per chip. Now the total number of Cores can slot into a socket as before and a single heat sink and fan can keep everything to the right temperature. Types of processors: Intel Pentium Dual Core Processors The Intel Pentium processors with Intel dual-core technology deliver great desktop performance, low power enhancements, and multitasking for everyday computing. Intel Dual Core 13 Processors Intel Core 13 dual core processors provide 4-way multitasking capability with built-in performance headroom for software upgrades. Intel Dual Core 15 Processors Intel Core 15 processors deliver the next level of productivity. With Intel Turbo Boost Technology this quad-core processor with 4-way multitasking capability delivers extra speed whenever you need. Intel Dual Core 17 Processors The Intel Core 17 processors deliver best-in-class performance for the most demanding applications. This quad-core processor features 8-way multitasking capability and additional L3 cache. My personal view is there is little difference between using both makes and have run many stable and fast systems using both makes. The AMD processors do tend to run hotter than the Intel versions, but with a suitable fan this is easily kept under control. How processors works: The Central Processing Unit (CPU) Figure 1: The Central Processing Unit The computer does its primary work in a part of the machine we cannot see, a control enter that converts data input to information output. This control center, called the central processing unit (CPL]), is a highly complex, extensive set of electronic circuitry that executes stored program instructions. All computers, large and small, must have a central processing unit. As Figure 1 shows, the central processing unit consists of two parts: The control unit and the arithmetic/logic unit. Each part has a specific function. BeTore we Olscuss tne control unlt ana tne arltnmetlc/loglc unlt In aetall, we need to consider data storage and its relationship to the central processing unit. Computers se two types of storage: Primary storage and secondary storage. The CPU interacts closely with primary storage, or main memory, referring to it for both instructions and data. For this reason this part of the reading will discuss memory in the context of the central processing unit. Technically, however, memory is not part of the CPL]. Recall that a computers memory holds data only temporarily, at the time the computer is executing a program. Secondary storage holds permanent or semi- permanent data on some external magnetic or optical medium. The diskettes and CD-ROM disks that you have seen with personal computers are secondary storage evices, as are hard disks. Since the physical attributes of secondary storage devices determine the way data is organized on them, we will discuss secondary storage and data organization together in another part of our on-line readings. Now let us consider the components of the central processing unit. 0 The Control Unit The control unit of the CPU contains circuitry that uses electrical signals to direct the entire computer system to carry out, or execute, stored program instructions. Like an orchestra leader, the control unit does not execute program instructions; rather, it directs other parts of the system to do so. The control unit must communicate with both the arithmetic/logic unit and memory. The Arithmetic/Logic Unit The arithmetic/logic unit (ALL) contains the electronic circuitry that executes all arithmetic and logical operations. The arithmetic/logic unit can perform four kinds of arithmetic operations, or mathematical calculations: addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division. As its name implies, the arithmetic/logic unit also performs logical operations. A logical operation is usually a comparison. The unit can compare numbers, letters, or special characters. The computer can then take action based on the result of the omparison. This is a very important capability. It is by comparing that a computer is able to tell, for instance, whether there are unfilled seats on airplanes, whether charge- card customers have exceeded their credit limits, and whether one candidate for Congress has more votes than another. Logical operations can test for three conditions: Equal-to condition. In a test for this condition, the arithmetic/logic unit compares two values to determine if they are equal. For example: If the number of tickets sold equals the number of seats in the auditorium, then the concert is declared sold out. Less-than condition. To test for this condition, the computer compares values to determine if one is less than another. For example: If the number of speeding tickets on a arlvers recoro Is less tnan tnree, tnen Insurance rates are $425; otnerwlse, tne rates are $500. Greater-than condition. In this type of comparison, the computer determines if one value is greater than another. For example: If the hours a person worked this week are greater than 40, then multiply every extra hour by 1. 5 times the usual hourly wage to compute overtime pay. A computer can simultaneously test for more than one condition. In fact, a logic unit can usually discern six logical relationships: equal to, less than, greater than, less than or equal to, greater than or equal to, and not equal. The symbols that let you define the type of comparison you want the computer to perform are called relational operators. The most common relational operators are the equal sign(=), the less-than symbol(). Registers: Temporary Storage Areas Registers are temporary storage areas for instructions or data. They are not a part of memory; rather they are special additional storage locations that offer the advantage of speed. Registers work under the direction of the control unit to accept, hold, and transfer instructions or data and perform arithmetic or logical comparisons at high speed. The control unit uses a data storage register the way a store owner uses a cash register-as a temporary, convenient place to store what is used in transactions. Computers usually assign special roles to certain registers, including these registers: An accumulator, which collects the result of computations. An address register, which keeps track of where a given instruction or piece of data is stored in memory. Each storage location in memory is identified by an address, Just as each house on a street has an address. A storage register, which temporarily holds data taken from or about to be sent to memory. A general-purpose register, which is used for several functions. Memory and Storage Memory is also known as primary storage, primary memory, main storage, internal storage, main memory, and RAM (Random Access Memory); all these terms are used interchangeably by people in computer circles. Memory is the part of the computer that holds data and instructions for processing. Although closely associated with the entral processing unit, memory is separate from it. Memory stores program instructions or data for only as long as the program they pertain to is in operation. Keeping these items in memory when the program is not running is not feasible for three reasons: Most types of memory only store items while the computer is turned on; data is destroyed when the machine is turned off. If more than one program is running at once (often the case on large computers and sometimes on small computers), a single program can not lay exclusive claim to memory. There may not be room in memory to hold the processed data.